The Prophetic Sīrah (Biography) Section

Answer: He is Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib ibn Hāshim. Hāshim was from the Quraysh, which belongs to the Arabs, who are from the offspring of Ismā‘il (Ishmael) the son of Ibrāhim (Abraham) (peace be upon him).

Answer: His father died in Madīnah when he was still an embryo, and was not born.

Answer: He was born in the Year of the Elephant, on Monday, in Rabī‘ al-Awwal.

Answer: - Umm Ayman, the bondmaid of his father
- Thuwaybah, the bondmaid of his uncle Abu Lahab
- Halīmah as-Sa‘diyyah

Answer: His mother died when he was six years old, and his grandfather, ‘Abdul-Muttalib, took care of him after his mother’s death.

Answer: When he was eight years old, his grandfather died and his uncle, Abu Tālib, took care of him.

Answer: He traveled with his uncle to the Levant when he was twelve years old.

Answer: He traveled for the second time on a trade journey with the money of Khadījah (may Allah be pleased with her). When he returned, he married her when he was twenty-five years old.

Answer: The Quraysh rebuilt the Ka‘bah when he was thirty-five years old.
On disagreeing about who would restore the Black Stone to its place, they sought his judgment; so, he put it on a piece of cloth and ordered each of the four tribes to hold one end of the cloth. Then, when they lifted it, he (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) restored it to its place with his hands.

Answer: He was forty years old, and he was sent as a bringer of glad tidings and as a warner to all people.

Answer: It started with the true vision: He would see no vision, except that it would occur just the way he had seen it.

Answer: He was worshiping Allah in the Cave of Hirā’,
and the revelation descended upon him while he was in the cave in that state.

Answer: The verses where Allah Almighty says: {Read in the name of your Lord Who created, created man from a clinging clot. Read, and your Lord is the Most Generous, Who taught by the pen, taught man what he did not know.} [Surat al-‘Alaq: 1-5]

Answer: The first to believe in his message from among the men was Abu Bakr; from the women: Khadījah bint Khuwaylid; from the boys: ‘Ali ibn Abi Tālib; from the freed slaves: Zayd ibn Hārithah; and from the salves: Bilāl al-Habashi (may Allah be pleased with them), in addition to others.

Answer: Da‘wah to Islam was carried out secretly for almost three years. Then, the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) was commanded to call people to Islam in public.

Answer: The polytheists started hurting him and the Muslims severely, until the believers were given the permission to emigrate to Najāshi (Negus) in Abyssinia.
The polytheists unanimously agreed to kill the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him); nevertheless, Allah protected him and supported him with his uncle, Abu Tālib, to defend him against them.

Answer: Both his uncle Abu Tālib and his wife Khadījah (may Allah be pleased with her).

Answer: It took place when the Prophet (may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) was fifty years old. In this journey the five prayers were prescribed.
The Isrā’:
It was a journey from the Sacred Mosque to the Aqsa Mosque.
The Mi‘rāj:
It was ascension from the Aqsa Mosque to the heaven, then to the Sidrat al-Muntaha (the Lote Tree of the Utmost Boundary).

Answer: He called the people of Tā’if to Islam and presented himself to people in their gathering seasons, until the Ansār (the Supporters) from among the people of Madīnah came and pledged allegiance to support him.

Answer: Zakah, fasting, Hajj, Jihad, the Adhān (call to prayer) besides other Islamic legislations that were prescribed when he was in Madīnah.

Answer: -The Battle of Badr
- The Battle of ’Uhud
- The Battle of the Ahzāb (the confederates)
- The Battle of the Conquest of Makkah

Answer: The verse where Allah Almighty says: {And fear the Day when you will be brought back to Allah. Then every soul will be rewarded in full for what it has earned, and none will be wronged.} [Surat al-Baqarah: 281]

Answer: He died in Rabī‘ al-Awwal, in the eleventh year of Hijrah. He was sixty-three years old.

Answer: 1. Khadījah bint Khuwaylid (may Allah be pleased with her)
2. Sawdah bint Zam‘ah (may Allah be pleased with her)
3. ‘Ā’ishah bint Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with her)
4. Hafsah bint ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with her)
5. Zaynab bint Khuzaymah (may Allah be pleased with her)
6. Umm Salamah Hind bint Abu Umayyah (may Allah be pleased with her)
7. Umm Habībah Ramlah bint Abu Sufyān (may Allah be pleased with her)
8. Juwayriyah bint al-Hārith (may Allah be pleased with her)
9. Maymūnah bint al-Hārith (may Allah be pleased with her)
10. Safiyyah bint Huyayy (may Allah be pleased with her)
11. Zaynab bint Jahsh (may Allah be pleased with her)

Answer: The Prophet (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) had three sons, who are:
- Al-Qāsim, after whom he was nicknamed as "Abu al-Qāsim"
- ‘Abdullah
- Ibrāhim
He had four daughters, who are:
- Fātimah
- Ruqayyah
- Umm Kulthūm
- Zaynab
He had all of his children from Kahdījah (may Allah be pleased with her), except Ibrāhim. All of them died before him, except Fātimah who died six months after his death.

Answer: He was of average height, not too short and not too tall. He had a white complexion, which was slightly reddish. He had a thick beard, big eyes, and a wide mouth. His hair was extremely black, his shoulders were broad, his smell was pleasant, in addition to other beautiful characteristics.

Answer: He left his Ummah upon the clear path, whose night is as clear as its day and no one will deviate from it except one who is doomed. He has guided his Ummah to all goodness and has warned them against all evil.